Taking almost any drug during pregnancy can have serious consequences for the fetus. For instance, babies who are exposed to cocaine have a tendency to have smaller heads that indicate a lower IQ. Cocaine-exposed babies have a higher risk of birth defects that impact the urinary tract or heart. Cocaine may also cause a stroke in an unborn fetus, resulting in brain damage or even death.
How drugs and alcohol affect child development?
Drugs and alcohol inhibit a parent's ability to function in a parental role and may lessen impulse control, allowing parents to behave abusively. Children in these homes may suffer from a variety of physical, mental, and emotional health problems at a greater rate than do children in the general population.
Most first-generation antibiotics, such as ampicillin, amoxicillin, and penicillin, are safe to use during pregnancy. However, there is a potential correlation between certain antibiotics and specific congenital disabilities such as heart defects, skull malformation, and cleft lip. Pregnant women who use substances regularly may also have children who are born dependent on those substances. Individual clinics and hospitals likely have varying internal policies regarding what is to be detected through urinalysis, along with other testing and reporting procedures. It is unlikely that most women are aware of the numerous federal and state laws and policies. She had managed to keep her opioid addiction a secret for many years until it spiraled out of control.
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Quitting before you get pregnant is ideal, but stopping drug or alcohol use at any point during pregnancy will benefit your baby. Not only do drugs and alcohol affect pregnancy, but also teratogenic drugs can affect your pregnancy. Teratogenic drugs are substances that can cause birth defects to your unborn child such as over-the-counter drugs or prescription drugs. It is difficult to estimate the full extent of the consequences of maternal SUD and to determine the specific hazards of a particular drug to the unborn child.
This drug is also commonly used to control seizures in those with cerebral palsy and epilepsy. The use of Benzodiazepines during pregnancy is also linked to birth defects like low birth weight and can cause neonatal symptoms17. Numerous studies support that this drug causes stillbirth and other congenital disabilities if used during pregnancy. According to the FDA, those who continue to use Accutane during pregnancy have a 35% chance that their baby will be born with a congenital disability14. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, also known as (SSRIs) are some of the most widely used drugs in the mental health field.
Drug and Alcohol’s Effects on Pregnant Women
Drug use during early pregnancy can affect the developing organs and limbs of the fetus. Even one episode of drug use during this period can affect the development of your child. Drug use later in pregnancy can affect the development of your baby’s central nervous system. After pregnancy, many drugs can pass through breast milk and harm the baby.
There is still a lot of debate about which medicines can cause congenital disability or if they are even the leading cause of the birth defect. Getting into addiction treatment can help you learn healthy ways to address is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant some of these risk factors. There can be some “discontinuation side-effects” for newborns when antidepressants are used during pregnancy. Babies can be sleepy or stimulated (wide-awake) and can have some jitteriness.
Tobacco, Alcohol, Drugs, and Pregnancy
Mothers who use methamphetamine have an increased risk of having a miscarriage. When used later in the pregnancy, illicit drugs can cause the baby to have feeding difficulties, irritabilities, https://ecosoberhouse.com/ low birth rates, and there is a chance the mother may go into preterm labor. Alcohol consumption among women of childbearing age in the United States is a public health issue.